公司资本管制改革趋势研究(一)

作者:章燕婉 发布时间:2005-10-15 11:21:01         上一篇 下一篇

  文 摘 要

本文以我国公司法修改草案中资本制度的改革为引子,以各国的公司资本制度改革为考察对象,以制度选择的内在动因探寻为主线,探讨公司资本的法律管制的必要性、改革的紧迫性、实施的适当性问题。本文立足于放松不必要管制的大背景,结合国外的改革趋势,分析其内在动因和各国达成的共识,并结合我国公司资本的管制过于严格的现实进行分析,指出:我国应对过于严格的公司资本管制予以适当放松,但并不是一“放”了之,必须以动态资本的强化管制为前提,配以强调资本信息公开、注重对股东取得公司财产的控制、加重董事责任、“人格否认”原则的合理运用、中介组织的规范化等配套措施的合理运用。

全文的主体部分包括引言、正文和结语。正文分为四章,分别对公司资本管制的基本理论、公司资本管制改革的一般性考察、我国应否适当放松过于严格的公司资本管制、我国放松资本管制的具体构想等问题作出论述。

第一章是对公司资本管制的基本理论问题如概念、动因、功能和本质等进行介绍和探讨。

第二章是对各国公司资本管制改革趋势进行现实考察。以介绍公司资本管制改革的国际立法潮流为起点,总结各国在公司资本制度改革方面的趋同之处,揭示“从管制——到监管”理念的变化,深入探寻其动因所在。

    第三章是讨论我国是否应该将过于严格的资本管制予以适当放松。从我国公司资本管制过于严格的原因分析入手,描述该制度的实际运行效果,并进一步深入分析我国资本管制失败的原因,从而得出我国应适当放松公司资本管制的结论。

第四章是对我国公司资本管制的适当放松提出具体构想。以我国公司法修改草案的评价入手,探寻我国资本制度改革的模式选择,阐述公司资本管制放松的前提条件,强调我国应强化相关的配套措施建设,以保障放松管制的效果发挥。

 

关键词:公司法  资本制度  管制  监管  放松  配套措施


Abstract

This dissertation regards the reform of capital system in the revision draft of company law in China as the introduction, company capital system reforms of various countries as the targets of investigating, and the inherent reasons chosen with the system is inquired after for the thread. It puts emphasis on these issues such as the necessity of company capital regulation, the urgency of the reform and the proper question of implementation. This text bases on the international background of relaxing unnecessary control, combine some countries’ reform trend, analyze the inherent reasons and common understanding that various countries reach, and examine the reality that the legal control of company capital in China is overly strict. Finally it points out: our country should give relaxing to company capital properly. We must not loosen it only, but strengthen regulation of dynamic capital. We should strengthen the establishment of supplementary measures inside or outside the capital system to realize the balance of the interests such as strengthening capital information to disclose, paying attention to the control of company's property obtained by the shareholders, aggravating director's responsibility, putting the principle " personality is denied " into use rationally.

The subject part of the full dissertation includes the foreword,text and epilogue. The text is divided into four chapters---basic theories of legal regulation of company capital, general investigations of the reforms in capital system in various countries, whether we should relax the overly strict control of company capital properly, and the concrete idea of relaxing control in our company capital system.

    The first chapter gives an introduction and discussion about basic theoretical questions of capital regulation such as the concept, reasons, function and essence, etc.

The second chapter carries on general investigation to company’s capital regulation of various countries. It regards recommending the international legislative trend of reforms in capital regulation as the starting point, summarizes the convergent place in them, announces the change of the idea “from controlling to regulation”, and seeks the inherent reasons thoroughly.

The third chapter discusses whether our country should relax the overly strict capital control properly. It describes the reasons of too much control in capital system in China as a beginning, describes actual operation result of the system, analyzes in depth of the reasons that our country’s capital control fails, and then draws the conclusion that our country should relax company capital control further.

The fourth chapter is about putting forward the concrete idea that how we should give a proper relaxing to capital control. It starts with the appraisal of the revision draft of company law of our country, seeks the appropriate mode selection of capital system, explains the precondition of relaxing capital control, and emphasizes our country should strengthen construction of relevant supplementary measures in order to ensure the effect of relaxing control.

 

 

Key Words:  Company Law;  capital system;  control;  regulation;

relaxing;  supplementary measures

 



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